Investigaţii numismatice suplimentare asupra tezaurului de la începutul secolului al XVII-lea, descoperit la Câmpulung Muscel / Additional Numismatic Investigation on the Early Seventeenth-Century Hoard, Found in Câmpulung Muscel
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|Câmpulung was one of the earliest urban settlements in Wallachia and also its first capital, in the fourteenth century. There was a considerable trading process with Tansylvania during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries over the Bran Pass, the Transylvanian Saxons contributing to its development by bringing the German urban culture. Museum of Campulung has in collections a hoard completed in 1608, consisting in 24 medium and large silver coins of different values and denominations: 20 troyaks, one şostak and 3 thalers, issued in mints located in Poland, Lituania, Bohemia, Tyroll and even Transylvania. Having in regard that the hoard was discovered in the area of the northern inn of Câmpulung (the final stop of the trading route from Braşov), it makes it the most relevant numismatic evidence in connecting the town's economic life within the new challenging European context of the 16th and 17th centuries, with local, regional and macro-level monetary circulation. By studying the coinage details, marks and mintage aspects of the coins and making regional correlations regarding different mints operating at the end of sixteenthth century, important clues has been revealed, related to the place or region of the coins capitalization. In monetary economics, connecting the region of capitalization with the place of their discovery is just a matter of the velocity of the trading process. How fast coins change hands in the economy during their way to Câmpulung? In any circumstances, if local commercial trade was the link or an export-import process, there is one single conclusion: The economic life in Câmpulung region, at the end of sixteenth -seventeenth century, was strongly connected with Transylvanian financial system and economy, trading between local and foreign merchandisers being further connected with the Central European routes. Therefore, by using recently published directories in polish, austrian or transylvanian coinage and based on extensive analytic approach in numismatic research, new assumptions have been revealed, regarding the sources of monetary inflows in town’s local economy: due to external tradings of local products (ex. bees honey and wax) or due to political reasons (financial support granted by Rudolf II to Mihai Viteazul, during the Holy Leagues War against the Ottoman Empire). Also an important assumption related to the lack of Ottoman currency, in local monetary circulation, was explained and substantiated due to absortion of this devalued monetary coinage , by the tax system. Câmpulung monetary circulation's local peculiarities support and confirm professor Murgescu’s hypothesis regarding the monetary circulation in this contact areas of the three major monetary systems: of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, of the Holy Roman Empire and the one of Ottoman Empire: “In such situations of the contact area, variety is regular, and possible uniformity is the exception that requires further investigation “(Murgescu 1996 15).
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|Publicat de: Muzeul Naţional de Istorie a României