Comerţ fără monedă şi monedă fără comerţ în Dacia preromană / Trade Without Coins and Coins Without Trade in Pre-Roman Dacia
|Limba de redactare||română|
|Excerpt||The Romanian historiography concerning the economy of Pre-Roman Dacia contains some errors and confusions caused by the use of an inadequate terminology having notions and concepts which have not been enough clarified. We can mention, among these, the concepts of monetary economy and monetary circulation which has been used in the last Treatise of the Romanians' history.
A recent statistics (2003) shows that only 2,370 coins having a ratio coin/year of 4.73 were discovered in Dacia's settlements dated between the middle of the 4th c. B.C. and the beginning of the 2nd c. A.D. Even if we add to this the hoards and the isolated coins the situation does not improve very much.
But if we divide the above mentioned period into two stages (I, from the middle of the 4th c. to the beginning of the 1st c. B.C, and 2) from the beginning of the 1st c. B.C. to the beginning of the 2nd c. A.D.), one can notice than in the 1st c. B.C. and the 1st c. A.B. the amount of coins increases considerably: 49,000 coins with a ratio coin/year of 245. If we take into account the corrections required by different "loss ratios", these increases are more obvious.
Consequently, we think that the monetary economy and monetary circulation could exist only in some regions or only in some centres of Pre-Roman Dacia. We can admit the presence of an intense foreign trade, based on the exchange of goods (barter). Most of the coins came in Dacia as payments for different services or in non-economic ways.
As we cannot admit the existence of a home trade in Pre-Roman Dacia, based on the use of local coins, we have to explain the functions of these issues. A global examination of the Geto-Dacian coins shows that only one type of coins, the main one imitating the tetradrachms of Philip II, can be certified, not more. At the same time we have to notice the insignificant number of Geto-Dacian coins: 2,800 in the first period (middle of the 4th c. and the beginning of the 1st c. B.C.) and 6,600 coins in the second period (beginning of the 1st c. B.C. and the Roman conquest). Even if the Geto-Dacian issues belong to a more limited chronological period, they do not represent a sufficient amount to certify they were used in home trade. Their origin and their main function must be found in the religious life, as we have already stated before.
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