O premieră numismatică europeană – Introducerea bancnotelor de polimer în România / An Innovation in the European Numismatics – The Introduction of the Plastic Banknotes in Romania
|Limba de redactare||română|
|Excerpt||On 11th August 1999, the National Bank of Romania put in currency the first European plastic banknote. It was a special issue, with the face value of 2,000 lei, dedicated for an important astronomical event of the previous century, the solar eclipse of 11t h August, which was largely visible from the Romanian territory. Romania was the first European country to issue plastic bills, using as row material the Guardian®, a special brand of translucide polymer, developed by the Note Printing Australia Company. The new Romanian banknotes were printed in Australia. Until 1999 the plastic banknotes were in use only in very few countries as Australia, New Zeeland and Indonesia.
The author presents the important economic and technical advantages of the use of plastic banknotes, comparing with those on paper. They are almost impossible to be forged, even using the very performing photo-copy machines and scanners, they are easy to be printed using the present printing machines and printing inks, they are easy to be processed by the banking machines in use, the plastic bills have a longer life i n currency, are more hygienically in handling and offer the possibility to recycle the worn banknotes, for the production a large set of domestic items in plastic.
Soon after the introduction of the 2,000 lei bill in 1999, the advantages of the new material convinced the National Bank of Romania to issue plastic banknotes of higher face values of 10,000 lei, 50,000 lei, 100,000 lei and 500,000 lei.
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