Completări privind activitatea monetăriilor transilvănene din vremea regelui Vladislav I / Additional Information Regarding the Activity of the Transylvanian Mints During the Reign of King Vladislav I
|Limba de redactare||română|
|Excerpt||During the last decades, only few numismatic studies regarding the activity of the Transylvanian mints during the voivodeships and the regency of John Hunyadi are known. The reason is related to the rarity of monetary discoveries during that time frame. Even in the case of known discoveries, this type of coins often being very depreciated, or with a high rate of dispersion in the structures of the hoards, comparative analysis of silver fineness or stylistic features, specific to Transylvanian mints during the middle of the 15th century, were not possible. An excellent opportunity for such a study arose thanks to the acquisition of a numismatic collection of this thematic by the National History Museum of Romanian. Thus, researching and publishing the 16 trialis and eagle denars, coming mostly from the Transylvanian mints, became possible. Starting from the coin lot’s structure, the conclusions of the study crystallized around two chronological turning points:
1) The reorganization of the Transylvanian coinage during 1440 and 1441, in the context of the coronation of the Hungarian king Wladislaw I and the civil war that followed.
2) The activity of the Transylvanian monetary chamber, located in Sibiu, starting from the reform of the eagle denar in the spring of 1444 until its reorganization in May 1445 which marks, in the monetary history of Transylvania, the beginning of the Interregnum period.
As a first conclusion regarding the 1440-1441 time frame, the coronation of Wladislaw I as king of Hungary was noted by an increase in monetary activity in Transylvania, highlighted by the establishment of the two new monetary mints in Cluj and Alba Iulia. The comparative analysis of the symbols used in the Alba Iulia mint mark, relative to the Gothic initial „h”, which represents the Sibiu mint, brought a contribution regarding the identification of this type of coins.
In the second part of the study, thanks to the novel numismatic material, an updated classification of the Sibiu eagle denar issues were developed.
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