Falsuri recente după monedele medievale româneşti / Recent forgeries of the Medieval Romanian Coins
|Limba de redactare||română (rezumat în engleză)|
|Excerpt||During the 19th and early 20th century, the Romanian medieval coins were only randomly subjects of forging activities. However, since the second part of the 1990’s and especially after 2000 the Romanian and international numismatic markets were increasingly flooded by fake medieval Wallachian and Moldavian coins.
The last 30 years, the Coin Room of the National History Museum of Romania have built a systematic collection of forged coins and banknotes, as a part of the demarches to document the local and international counterfeiting activities, to prepare the scientific personnel to cope the widespread presence of fake coins in the numismatic trade, as well as in private and public collections, to offer professional advices to the judicial authorities in their efforts in combating this new kind of scourge.
In 2012, as a part of the politics to document the counterfeiting activities the Coin Room of the National History Museum acquired two parcels of fake Wallachian coins. The first one consists of 60 replicas of the silver ducats of the princes Dan I (1383-1386) and Mircea the Elder (1386-1418). The fake coins of Mircea the Elder are only copies of the pre-reformed issues (cca. 1386-1405), with Slavonic and Latin inscriptions. The fake coins of this parcel were struck using a set of coin dies cut by the same die-engraver. The dies are quite roughly made, presenting mistakes in rendering the original coin designs and inscriptions. The blanks used to strike the coins were produced from quite highly purified electrolytic silver, and, often were covered with a blackish artificial “patina”. From every respect, the coins of this parcel divert largely from the genuine 14th-15th century medieval Wallachian issues (the coin-dies were chiselled not punched, the inscriptions and designs are uniform, clumsy and flat, the shape of the coin blankets are roughly similar, the silver content of the monetary alloy standardised, as well as the colour and the aspect of the “patinas”).
The second parcel of fake Wallachian medieval coins consists of 12 cast imitations of the ducats of Vladislav I Vlaicu (1364-1377), Radu I (cca. 1377-1383), reformed ducats and bani of Mircea the Elder (cca. 1405-1418) and ducats of Vladislav II (1448-1456). The quality of the casting is very low, often the monetary inscriptions being barely legible.
The forgeries of the ducats of Mircea the Elder produced by striking do present a lot of similarities with a parcel of 12 replicas of the coins Mircea the Elder (the so-called Dracula’s coins) granted to the National History Museum of Romania by Mr. Bogdan Stambuliu. These coin like items were intended to be sold as souvenirs to the visitors of Dracula Park, an aborted touristic project from the early 2000’s. The coins of both parcels were struck using dies cut by the same engraver and from similar metallic alloy.
Quite likely, after the failure of Dracula Park touristic project, some people tried to get rid of the stocks of souvenir replicas putting them on sale, either in petty transactions in flee-markets, direct sales or on e-Bay as genuine 14th-15th century issues. The recent put on sale, on e-Bay – Germany, of such a coin (pretended to be genuine), seems to prove that the stocks of Dracula’s coins are not exhausted.
|Titlul volumului de apariție|
|Editura||Publicat de: Muzeul Naţional de Istorie a României|