O marcă privată moldovenească pe o monedă poloneză din secolul al XVII-lea. Câteva note despre zărăfie în Moldova / A private Moldavian mark engraved on a Polish coin from the 17th century. Some remarks on money changing in Moldavia.
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|Excerpt||The author presents a Moldavian privy mark (countermark) that is applied on a Polish seventeenth century coin, from a private collection. The use of official countermarks on foreign coins in Wallachia and Moldavia is rare. Private countermarking is practically unknown to Romanian medieval monetary practice, although in neighboring countries it is a frequent practice. Forgeries of private and official countermarks could be made very easy, using simple tools. This could be the reason of the rare usage of both types of countermarks in Moldavia. The coin in question is very worn, not only from intense circulation but also due to the low quality minting. It is a 30 groats specimen issued between 1663-1666, this type of groats were also known as tymfs or tynfs, named after the mint master Andreas Timpff. This denomination was known and used, although it does not appear in Moldavian documents of that epoch. As an argument, the author uses the inscription in Cyrillic, i
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