Un tezaur monetar din secolul XV-XVII descoperit în localitatea Ghighişeni (com. Rieni, jud. Bihor) / A coin hoard from the XVth-XVIIth centuries found at Ghighişeni (Bihor County)
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|Excerpt||The hoard I am presenting here, was found in the south-eastern part of the region of Bihor county, within the limits of Ghighişeni village (comm. of Rieni), and in 1957 becomes part of Criş County Museum's collection in Oradea. In 1973, 4035 coins issued in Hungary, Transylvania, Poland, Lithuania, Prussia, Silesia (Schweidnitz, Liegnitz-Brieg, Teschen), Austria (Tyrol) and Bohemia, during the 15th and 17th century, were inventoried.
The hoard raises a few concerns related to its make-up and the accurate establishing of a terminus post quem of the coins concealment. Analyzing the content one will notice that aside a compact group of coins issued during the 15th-16th centuries, there are also 4 coins (parvi) dating from the time of Sigismund of Luxemburg reign and 5 coins from the 17 th century: 2 denars struck by Mathia II (1618) and Ferdinand II (1631 or 1635), 2 dreipölkers issued in 1624 by Sigismund III and Georg Wilhelm, and a coin of 3 kreuzers struck in 1661 for Tyrol by archduke Ferdinand Charles.
Since I have no information available related to the circumstances of the finding of the hoard, and based on some remarkes made while inventorying other hoards kept in museum's collection, I decided to eliminate the coins attributed to Sigismund of Luxemburg, as well as all the 17th century coins and to consider the denars issued in 1602 by Rudolf II, as King of Hungary, as the latest entries.
The main purpose of this contribution was to edit the content of the Ghighişeni hoard and present it as a catalog. This allowed me to make a few considerations related to the make-up of the hoard from two points of view: issuer (88,47% are Hungarian denars) and coins denominations (the hoard contains just petty coins; denars, half-groats, groats and coins of six and three groats).
Finally, based on the current monetary exchange rates used in the late 17th century in Hungary and Transylvania, I tried to establish the estimated value of the hoard. The 4041 coins we included in this hoard, add up to almost 4499 denars, equivalent of aproximately 24.99-28.11 gold florins or 37.49-44.98 thalers. This amount was aproximately corelated, using information offered by the urbarium (land census record) from 1600, with the social and economic realities from the area where the hoard was found.
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