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Date arheologice şi numismatice privitoare la monumentele publice ale oraşului Odessos din perioada elenistică (secolele IV-I a.Chr.) / Archeological and Numismatic Data About the Public Monuments of Hellenistic Odessos (4th-1st c.B.C.)

Autori
Secţiunea
  • Numismatică Antică şi Bizantină (Ancient and Byzantine Numismatics)  Articolele semnate de autor
Limba de redactare română
Descriptori
Excerpt The author described and discussed some archaeological finds and two bronze coins of Hellenistic period, found or issued at Odessos (Vama, Bulgaria), all already edited. However, the author offers a new interpretation of some of them.
1.      A rectangular and quite large marble base of a sophisticated late 4th c. BC sculpture, representing, at least, two figures. Now-a-days, only the footprints of the bronze statues and of another unidentified object can be seen on the base. There is a Greek inscription on the long rear side of the base: „Hekatodoros, son of Zopyros made [this sculpture)" (figs. 1-4). Based on some analogies given by other ancient sculptures and Hellenistic agora plans (figs. 5-7), the author suggested that the sculptured group of figures had a mythological background and it was on show at an open air space of Odessos, most probably at the agora or another plaza. No other sculptures of the ancient artist Hekatodoros can be traced so far.
2.      A bronze coin of Odessos issued ca 115/105-72/71 BC. On the reverse, is represented a column with a large Corinthian capital with a galloping equestrian statue over it, next to the reclining figure of the Great God of Odessos (figs. 8-10). The author's suggestion is that the statue was of the mighty Pontic King Mithradates VI Eupathor, who at certain time, during the late 2nd - early 1st c BC, became very close to the authorities of Odessos, a sort of patron of the ancient town against the Romans. Another bronze coin issue of the same time, maybe renders the image only of the king's equestrian statue (fig. 11). This statue was erected by no means at the town agora.
3.      A marble grave relief (4th – 3rd c. BC) showing a male figure of a poet or a rhetorician at a public space, next to a rectangular column with a sundial on the top (fig. 12). The sundial column was also a part of the city decoration, probably of the agora too.
All these monuments speak in favour of a sophisticated and up-to date open air public air environment of Odessos during the Hellenistic period (late 4th - 1st c. BC).
Paginaţia 189-202
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Titlul volumului de apariție
  • Cercetări Numismatice; XIV; anul 2008