Aspecte ale circulaţiei dinarilor de Friesach în Transilvania în secolul al XIII-lea / Some Remarks Concerning the Circulation of the Friesachers Dinars in Transylvania during the 13th Century
|Limba de redactare||română|
|Excerpt||The authors present a parcel of 100 coins from the Sălacea hoard, (Bihor county), kept in the collection of the National History Museum of Romania.
The hoard was discovered in 1968 and consist of 800 Western European Friesacher type dinars, from which 600 pieces are in the collection of the Museum of the "Country between the Criş Rivers" - Oradea. Bihor county and 100 in the collection of the National Museum of History of Transylvania in Cluj-Napoca.
Among the coins preserved in the collection of Coin Room of the National History Museum are issues of the mints from: Friesach, St. Veit, Pettau, Gutenwert, Graz, Rann, Reichenburg, Windischgratz, Landstrass, Heiligekreutz, Köln, as well as Croatian and Hungarian imitation of the Frisacher type dinars.
The Frisachers didn’t appeared in Transylvania before the reign of the King Emeric (1196-1204), but the paramount of their currency might be placed during the reign of Andrei II (1204-1235). According the authors the large scale arrival in Transylvania of the Western European issues, first at all the Frisachers dinars, took place at the end of the 12th century - first half of the 13th, by the trade with catties between the Nord Italian cities and the Hungarian Kingdom. Another reason that may explain the spread of the Friasacher type dinars in the Carpathian basin was the flourishing export of the salt. The salt was carried on the fluvial way by "ships" and by wagons on the land roads. The largest part of the discoveries of Western European coin hoard arrive from the area of the two main roads used for carrying the salt Westwards, i.e. along the Mureş river valley, or by the north-western road, through the to-day's Cluj-Sălaj-Blhor Counties.
|Titlul volumului de apariție|